「絵×音×口頭反復練習」で英語話者の道へ
Answer Keys

名詞フラッシュカード(Nature)Answer Key

こちらは、「Nature」のAnswer Keyです。なるべく、英語のまま捉えられるように、日本語訳を抜いています。

また、フラッシュカードを使う前に、こちらの「使い方」をお読み下さい。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Contents

Answer Key

空、天候関係

sun 【ˈsʌn】


:the star that the Earth moves around and that gives the Earth heat and light
▶️「Sun」の英語表現
▶️動詞「rise」について

earth 【ɜːrθ


:the planet on which we live

full moon【ˌfʊl ˈmuːn】


:the moon when it appears as a full circle

crescent moon  【ˈkresnt ˈmuːn】


:a curved shape that is wide in the middle and pointed at each end

rainbow【ˈreɪnboʊ


:a curved band of different colours that appears in the sky when the sun shines through rain
▶️「rainbow」について

cloud 【klaʊd


:a white or gray mass in the sky that is made of many very small drops of water
▶️「cloud」について

sky【skaɪ】


:the space above the earth that you can see when you look up, where clouds and the sun, moon and stars appear

horizon 【həˈraɪzn


:the line where the earth or sea seems to meet the sky
▶️英語では「水平線」も「地平線」も同じ扱い

Northern Lights【ðə ˌnɔːrðərn ˈlaɪts】


:large areas of green, red, blue, or yellow light that sometimes appear in the night sky in far northern regions
▶️“aurora borealis”とも呼ばれます。北半球のオーロラは”Northern Lights”であれば、南半球は”Southern Lights”です。

constellation 【ˌkɑːnstəˈleɪʃn


:a group of stars that forms a particular shape in the sky and has been given a name
星座
▶️北斗七星は「the Big Dipper」
▶️星座の尋ね方

shooting star【ˌʃuːtɪŋ ˈstɑːr】


:a streak of light in the night sky that looks like a star falling but that is actually a piece of rock or metal (called a meteor) falling from outer space into the Earth’s atmosphere
流れ星

solar eclipse【ˈsoʊlər ɪˈklɪps】


:an occasion when the moon passes between the earth and the sun so that you cannot see all or part of the sun for a time; an occasion when the earth passes between the moon and the sun so that you cannot see all or part of the moon for a time
日食

planet【ˈplænɪt】


:a large round object in space that moves around a star (such as the sun) and receives light from it
惑星

solar system【ˈsoʊlər sɪstəm】


:the sun and all the planets that move around it
太陽系

the Milky Way【ðə ˌmɪlki ˈweɪ】


天の川

山など

mountain 【ˈmaʊntn


:an area of land that rises very high above the land around it and that is higher than a hill
▶️「mountain」が雪で覆われたら

canyon 【ˈkænjən


:a deep valley with steep rock sides and often a stream or river flowing through it

cliff 【klɪf


:a high, steep surface of rock, earth, or ice

valley 【ˈvæli


:an area of low land between hills or mountains

hill 【hɪl


:a usually rounded area of land that is higher than the land around it but that is not as high as a mountain

field【fiːld】


:an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc.

rice paddy【ˈraɪs ˈpædi】


:a field planted with rice growing in water

川、海など

waterfall 【ˈwɔːtərfɔːl


:an area in a stream or river where running water falls down from a high place
▶️動詞「fall」について

cave 【keɪv


:a large hole that was formed by natural processes in the side of a cliff or hill or under the ground

river 【ˈrɪvər


:a large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land and goes into an ocean, a lake, etc.

canal 【kəˈnæl


:a long narrow place that is filled with water and was created by people so that boats could pass through it or to supply fields, crops, etc., with water

sea 【siː
ocean 【ˈoʊʃn


:the salt water that covers much of the Earth’s surface
▶️「Sea」「Ocean」について

wave 【weɪv


:to move your hand or something held in your hand usually in a repeated motion in order to signal or greet someone

island 【ˈaɪlənd


:an area of land that is surrounded by water

beach 【biːtʃ


:an area covered with sand or small rocks that is next to an ocean or lake
▶️「beach」沿いを走ったら

lake 【leɪk


:a large area of water that is surrounded by land

pond 【pɑːnd


:an area of water that is surrounded by land and that is smaller than a lake

peninsula【pəˈnɪnsələ


:an area of land that is almost surrounded by water but is joined to a larger piece of land
半島

bay【beɪ】


:a part of the sea, or of a large lake, partly surrounded by a wide curve of the land

hot spring【ˈhɑːt sprɪŋ】


:a place where hot water flows out of the ground

森、砂漠など

forest 【ˈfɔːrɪst


:a thick growth of trees and bushes that covers a large area

fog 【fɑːɡ


:many small drops of water floating in the air above the ground, the sea, etc.

desert 【ˈdezərt


:an area of very dry land that is usually covered with sand and is very hot
▶️アクセント注意⚠️
初めにあります。後ろに置くと、「(食後の)デザート」のように聞こえます。「デザートは食」と覚えましょう。

sand dune 【ˈsænd duːn


:a hill of sand near an ocean or in a desert that is formed by the wind

sand【sænd】


:a substance that consists of very small fine grains of rock. Sand is found on beaches, in deserts, etc.

mud【mʌd】


:wet earth that is soft and sticky

stone【stoʊn】


:a hard solid mineral substance that is found in the ground, often used for building
▶️「Material」名詞フラッシュカード

rock【rɑːk】


:the hard solid material that forms part of the surface of the earth and some other planets

ruin【ˈruːɪn】


:the parts of a building that remain after it has been destroyed or severely damaged
遺跡

fossil【ˈfɑːsl】


:the remains of an animal or a plant which have become hard and turned into rock
化石

自然現象、災害など

fire 【ˈfaɪər


:the light and heat and especially the flame produced by burning

forest fire【ˈfɔːrɪst ˈfaɪər


:a fire burning in an area of land with many trees, that is difficult to controland sometimes spreads quickly
山火事

flame 【fleɪm


:the hot, glowing gas that can be seen when a fire is burning
▶️これは「fire」とは言いません🙅‍♀️
▶️「candle」について

smoke 【ˈsmoʊk】


:the cloud of black, gray, or white gases and dust that is produced by burning something

ash【æʃ】


:the grey or black powder that is left after something, especially tobacco, wood or coal, has burnt

▶️灰皿は「ashtray」です
▶️「Daily Life」名詞フラッシュカード

volcano 【vɑːlˈkeɪnoʊ


:a mountain with a hole in the top or side that sometimes sends out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion (called an eruption)

lava【ˈlɑːvə】


:hot liquid rock that comes out of a volcano
溶岩

earthquake 【ˈɜːrθkweɪk


:a shaking of a part of the Earth’s surface that often causes great damage

landslide 【ˈlændˌslaɪd】


:a large mass of rocks and earth that suddenly and quickly moves down the side of a mountain or hill
地滑り

tsunami【tsuːˈnɑːmi】


:an extremely large wave in the sea caused, for example, by an earthquake

drought 【draʊt


:a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain
かんばつ

avalanche【ˈævəlæntʃ】


:a mass of snow, ice and rock that falls down the side of a mountain
雪崩
▶️「Winter」名詞フラッシュカード

blizzard【ˈblɪzərd


:a snowstorm with very strong winds
吹雪
▶️「snow」について

storm【stɔːrm】


:very bad weather with strong winds and rain, and often thunder and lightning

typhoon【taɪˈfuːn】


:a violent tropical storm with very strong winds
▶️「typhoon/hurricane/cyclone」の違い

tornado 【tɔːrˈneɪdoʊ


:a violent and destructive storm in which powerful winds move around a central point

thunder【ˈθʌndər】


:the loud noise that you hear after a flash of lightning, during a storm
▶️英語は「雷鳴」と「稲妻」で分けます。「thunder」は「雷鳴」の方。

lightning【ˈlaɪtnɪŋ】


:a flash, or several flashes, of very bright light in the sky caused by electricity
▶️「稲妻」は「lightning」

flood【flʌd】


:a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry
洪水

日常の自然現象

steam【stiːm】


:the hot gas that water changes into when it boils
蒸気

shadow【ˈʃædoʊ


:the dark shape that somebody/something’s form makes on a surface, for example on the ground, when they are between the light and the surface
▶️「shadow」と「shade」の違い

shade【ʃeɪd】


:an area that is dark and cool under or behind something, for example a tree or building, because the sun’s light does not get to it
日陰

フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、何度も発音して覚える。
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
  3. 出てくる絵に合わせて、最低でも2回繰り返して声に出して、言う。
  4. 慣れてきたら、画面を再度読み込んで、順番を変える。
  5. 1日時間を決めて、何度も何度もトライする。
  6. 実生活にそれが見えたら、何度もその英語を言う。

また、発音が分からなければ、電子辞書などで実際の音を聞いてみて下さい。ただ、発音はしっかりと勉強した方がいいので、こちらの松井博先生の書籍をお勧めします。

日本人が学んできた「英語」とは何だったのか?


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