英語を日本語に切り替えず、英語のまま理解する
Answer Keys

【完全保存版】英語 名詞フラッシュカード(Nature)自然現象の単語 Answer Key

こちらは、「Nature」のAnswer Keyです。なるべく、英語のまま捉えられるように、日本語訳を抜いています。

また、フラッシュカードを使う前に、こちらの「使い方」をお読み下さい。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Answer Key

空、天候関係

sun 【ˈsʌn】


:the star that the Earth moves around and that gives the Earth heat and light
▶️「Sun」の英語表現
▶️動詞「rise」について

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earth 【ɜːrθ


:the planet on which we live

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full moon【ˌfʊl ˈmuːn】


:the moon when it appears as a full circle

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crescent moon  【ˈkresnt ˈmuːn】


:a curved shape that is wide in the middle and pointed at each end

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rainbow【ˈreɪnboʊ


:a curved band of different colours that appears in the sky when the sun shines through rain
▶️「rainbow」について

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cloud 【klaʊd


⤴️
:a white or gray mass in the sky that is made of many very small drops of water
▶️「cloud」について

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sky【skaɪ】


:the space above the earth that you can see when you look up, where clouds and the sun, moon and stars appear

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horizon 【həˈraɪzn


:the line where the earth or sea seems to meet the sky
▶️英語では「水平線」も「地平線」も同じ扱いです。

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Northern Lights【ðə ˌnɔːrðərn ˈlaɪts】


:large areas of green, red, blue, or yellow light that sometimes appear in the night sky in far northern regions
▶️「aurora borealis」とも呼ばれます。北半球のオーロラは「Northern Lights」であれば、南半球は「Southern Lights」です。

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constellation 【ˌkɑːnstəˈleɪʃn


:a group of stars that forms a particular shape in the sky and has been given a name
星座
▶️北斗七星は「the Big Dipper」
▶️星座の尋ね方

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shooting star【ˌʃuːtɪŋ ˈstɑːr】


:a streak of light in the night sky that looks like a star falling but that is actually a piece of rock or metal (called a meteor) falling from outer space into the Earth’s atmosphere
流れ星

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solar eclipse【ˈsoʊlər ɪˈklɪps】


:an occasion when the moon passes between the earth and the sun so that you cannot see all or part of the sun for a time; an occasion when the earth passes between the moon and the sun so that you cannot see all or part of the moon for a time
日食

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planet【ˈplænɪt】


:a large round object in space that moves around a star (such as the sun) and receives light from it
惑星

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solar system【ˈsoʊlər sɪstəm】


:the sun and all the planets that move around it
太陽系

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the Milky Way【ðə ˌmɪlki ˈweɪ】


天の川

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山など

mountain 【ˈmaʊntn


:an area of land that rises very high above the land around it and that is higher than a hill
▶️「mountain」が雪で覆われたら

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canyon 【ˈkænjən


:a deep valley with steep rock sides and often a stream or river flowing through it

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cliff 【klɪf


:a high, steep surface of rock, earth, or ice

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valley 【ˈvæli


:an area of low land between hills or mountains

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hill 【hɪl


:a usually rounded area of land that is higher than the land around it but that is not as high as a mountain

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field【fiːld】


:an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc.

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rice paddy【ˈraɪs ˈpædi】


⤴️
:a field planted with rice growing in water

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川、海など

waterfall 【ˈwɔːtərfɔːl


:an area in a stream or river where running water falls down from a high place
▶️動詞「fall」について

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cave 【keɪv


:a large hole that was formed by natural processes in the side of a cliff or hill or under the ground

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river 【ˈrɪvər


:a large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land and goes into an ocean, a lake, etc.

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stream【striːm】


:a small, narrow river
小川

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canal 【kəˈnæl


:a long narrow place that is filled with water and was created by people so that boats could pass through it or to supply fields, crops, etc., with water

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sea 【siː
ocean 【ˈoʊʃn


:the salt water that covers much of the Earth’s surface
▶️「Sea」「Ocean」について

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wave 【weɪv


:to move your hand or something held in your hand usually in a repeated motion in order to signal or greet someone

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island 【ˈaɪlənd


:an area of land that is surrounded by water

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beach 【biːtʃ


:an area covered with sand or small rocks that is next to an ocean or lake
▶️「beach」沿いを走ったら

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lake 【leɪk


:a large area of water that is surrounded by land

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pond 【pɑːnd


:an area of water that is surrounded by land and that is smaller than a lake

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peninsula【pəˈnɪnsələ


:an area of land that is almost surrounded by water but is joined to a larger piece of land
半島

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bay【beɪ】


:a part of the sea, or of a large lake, partly surrounded by a wide curve of the land

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hot spring【ˈhɑːt sprɪŋ】


:a place where hot water flows out of the ground

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森、砂漠など

forest 【ˈfɔːrɪst


:a thick growth of trees and bushes that covers a large area

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fog 【fɑːɡ


:many small drops of water floating in the air above the ground, the sea, etc.

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desert 【ˈdezərt


:an area of very dry land that is usually covered with sand and is very hot
▶️アクセント注意⚠️
初めにあります。後ろに置くと、「(食後の)デザート」のように聞こえます。「デザートは食」と覚えましょう。

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sand dune 【ˈsænd duːn


:a hill of sand near an ocean or in a desert that is formed by the wind

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sand【sænd】


:a substance that consists of very small fine grains of rock. Sand is found on beaches, in deserts, etc.

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mud【mʌd】


:wet earth that is soft and sticky

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stone【stoʊn】


:a hard solid mineral substance that is found in the ground, often used for building
▶️「Material」名詞フラッシュカード

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rock【rɑːk】


:the hard solid material that forms part of the surface of the earth and some other planets

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ruin【ˈruːɪn】


:the parts of a building that remain after it has been destroyed or severely damaged
遺跡

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fossil【ˈfɑːsl】


:the remains of an animal or a plant which have become hard and turned into rock
化石

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日常の自然現象

steam【stiːm】


:the hot gas that water changes into when it boils
蒸気

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shadow【ˈʃædoʊ


:the dark shape that somebody/something’s form makes on a surface, for example on the ground, when they are between the light and the surface
▶️「shadow」と「shade」の違い

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shade【ʃeɪd】


⤴️
:an area that is dark and cool under or behind something, for example a tree or building, because the sun’s light does not get to it
日陰

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フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、発音を聞いて、何度も声に出して覚える
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
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