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Answer Keys

【英語】昆虫の名詞フラッシュカード(Insects)Answer Key

こちらは、「Insects」のAnswer Keyです(一部、「Insect」以外の、小さな生物も入れています)

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Answer Key

ladybug【ˈleɪdibʌɡ】


:a small flying insect, usually red with black spots
▶︎イギリス英語では、「ladybird」です。

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rhinoceros beetle【raɪˈnɑːsərəs ˈbiːtl】


:any of various large chiefly tropical scarab beetles (subfamily Dynastinae) having projecting horns on thorax and hea
▶︎「rhinoceros」は、「サイ」のことです。

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stag beetle【stæɡ ˈbiːtl】


:any of a family (Lucanidae) of mostly large beetles having males with long and often branched mandibles suggesting the antlers of a stag
▶︎「stag」は、「オス鹿」のことです。

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scarab beetle【ˈskærəb ˈbiːtl】


コガネムシ

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cicada【sɪˈkeɪdə】


:a large insect with transparent wings, common in hot countries. The male makes a continuous high sound after dark by making two membranes (= pieces of thin skin) on its body vibrate (= move very fast).
▶︎「バルタン」ではありません⚠️

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butterfly【ˈbʌtərflaɪ】


:a flying insect with a long thin body and four large, usually brightly coloured, wings

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caterpillar【ˈkætərpɪlər】


:a small creature like a worm with legs that develops into a butterfly or moth (= flying insects with large, sometimes brightly coloured, wings). Caterpillars eat the leaves of plants.

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dragonfly【ˈdræɡənflaɪ】


:an insect with a long, thin body, often brightly coloured, and two pairs of large transparent wings. Dragonflies are often seen over water.

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firefly【ˈfaɪərflaɪ】


:a flying insect with a tail that shines in the dark
ホタル

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fly【flaɪ】


:a small flying insect with two wings. There are many different types of fly and many of them spread disease.
ハエ

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mayfly【ˈmeɪflaɪ】


:a small insect that lives near water and only lives for a very short time
カゲロウ

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horsefly【ˈhɔːrsflaɪ】


:a large fly that bites horses, cows and humans
アブ

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mosquito【məˈskiːtoʊ


:a flying insect that bites humans and animals and drinks their blood. One type of mosquito can spread the disease malaria.

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moth【mɔːθ】


:a flying insect with a long thin body and four large wings, like a butterfly, but less brightly coloured. Moths fly mainly at night and are attracted to bright lights.

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grasshopper【ˈɡræshɑːpər】


:an insect with long back legs, that can jump very high and that makes a sound with its legs
バッタ、キリギリス
▶︎イソップ寓話の「アリとキリギリス」は、「The Ant and the Grasshopper」です。

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locust【ˈləʊkəst】


:a large insect that lives in hot countries and sometimes flies in large groups, destroying all the plants and crops of an area
イナゴ
▶︎「イナゴの大群」は、「a swarm of locusts」で表現できます。

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praying mantis【ˌpreɪɪŋ ˈmæntɪs】


:a large green insect that eats other insects. The female praying mantisoften eats the male.
▶︎「pray」は祈る意味の動詞です。
(手が祈っているように見えることから、こう呼ばれています)

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cricket【ˈkrɪkɪt】


:a small brown jumping insect that makes a loud high sound by rubbing its wings together
コオロギ

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bell cricket【bel ˈkrɪkɪt】


スズ虫

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spider【ˈspaɪdər】


:a small creature with eight thin legs. Many spiders spin webs to catch insects for food.

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ant【ænt】


:a small insect that lives in highly organized groups. There are many types of ant.

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ant lion【ˈænt laɪən】


:a small insect that eats other insects, especially ants, which it catches in a hole made in the sand
アリジゴク

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bee【biː】


:a black and yellow flying insect that can sting. Bees live in large groups and make honey (= a sweet sticky substance that is good to eat).
▶︎蜂蜜を作るのが「bee」です。

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wasp【wɑːsp】


:a black and yellow flying insect that can sting
▶︎こちらはスズメバチなど、刺すタイプです。また「hornet」は、より凶暴なもの(クマンバチに当たります)

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pill bug【pɪl bʌɡ】


:a small, dark grey creature with a hard outershell, found under stones or in slightly wet soil
ダンゴムシ
▶︎形状がpill(丸薬)に似ていることから、そう呼ばれています。

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worm【wɜːrm】


:a long thin creature with no bones or legs, that lives in soil
ミミズ

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silkworm【ˈsɪlkwɜːrm


:a caterpillar (= a small creature like a worm with legs) that produces silk thread
カイコ

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measuring worm【ˈmeʒərɪŋ wɜːrm】


シャクトリムシ

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bagworm【bæɡwɜːrm】


ミノムシ

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cockroach【ˈkɑːkroʊtʃ】


:a large brown insect with wings, that lives in houses, especially where there is dirt
▶︎日常ではよく、「roach」と言います。

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termite【ˈtɜːrmaɪt】


:an insect that lives in organized groups, mainly in hot countries. Termites do a lot of damage by eating the wood of trees and buildings.
シロアリ

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stink bug【stɪŋk bʌɡ】


:any of various hemipterous bugs (family Pentatomidae) that have a flattened, shield-shaped body with a triangular scutellum, emit a disagreeable odor when threatened, disturbed, or crushed, and include agricultural and household pests
カメムシ
▶︎「stink」は、臭さの意味です。

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tick【tɪk】


:a very small creature that bites humans and animals and drinks their blood. There are several types of tick, some of which can carry diseases.
ダニ

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water strider【ˈwɔːtər straɪdər】


:an insect which moves quickly across the surface of water

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water flea【ˈwɔːtər fliː】


ミジンコ
▶︎「flea」は、「ノミ」の意味です。

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snail【sneɪl】


:a small, soft creature with a hard, round shell on its back, that moves very slowly and often eats garden plants. Some types of snail can be eaten.
▶︎殻は「shell」で、角は「tentacle(s)」と呼びます。

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centipede【ˈsentɪpiːd】


:a small creature like an insect, with a long thin body and many legs
百足(ムカデ)
▶︎「centi-」は「100」を表し、「pede」は「足」を表します。

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scorpion【ˈskɔːrpiən】



:a small creature like an insect with eight legs, two front claws (= curved and pointed arms) and a long tail that curves over its back and can give a poisonous sting. Scorpions live in hot countries.

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その他の名詞

cicada shell【sɪˈkeɪdə ʃel】


▶︎「shell」は、「殻」を表します。

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spider web【ˈspaɪdər web】


:the network of silken thread spun by most spiders and used as a resting place and as a trap for small prey

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honey【ˈhʌni】


:a sweet sticky yellow substance made by bees that is spread on bread, etc. like jam

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