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【英語語源】「ex」 Answer Key

こちらは、英語語源「ex」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

exit【ˈeɡzɪt】



:a way out of a public building or vehicle
出口
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【it(行く)】
▶︎「ex」は、ギリシア語由来で、「外に」を表します。
(次の言葉が「b/d/g/i/l/m/n/v」などの前では、「x」が取れます)

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example【ɪɡˈzæmpl】


:something such as an object, a fact or a situation that shows, explains or supports what you say
例、見本
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ample(取り出す)】
(外に取り出されたもの)
Ex) It’s a good example.

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excavate【ˈekskəveɪt】


:to dig in the ground to look for old buildings or objects that have been buried for a long time; to find something by digging in this way
発掘する、掘り出す
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【cav(穴)】+【ate(動詞)】
Ex) She’s excavating a dinosaur skeleton.

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excellent【ˈeksələnt】


:extremely good
優秀な、優れた
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【cel(昇る)】+【ent(形容詞)】
(他よりも、上にあるような)
▶︎動詞形は、「excel(優れる、秀でる)」です。
Ex) The book is excellent.

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exceed【ɪkˈsiːd】


:to be greater than a particular number or amount
超える
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ced(行く)】
Ex) Do not exceed the recommended dose.

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except【ɪkˈsept】


:used before you mention the only thing or person about which a statement is not true
〜を除いて
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【cept(つかみ取る)】
(外につまみ出すニュアンス)
▶︎名詞形「exception」は「例外」、形容詞「exceptional」は「例外の」の意味です。
Ex) All of the bowls are black except that purple one.

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excessive【ɪkˈsesɪv】


:greater than what seems reasonable or appropriate
過度の、行き過ぎた
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【cess(進む)】+【ive(形容詞)】
(外にはみ出るほど、行き過ぎている様子)
Ex) He’s an excessive smoker.

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exchange【ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ】


:to give something to somebody and at the same time receive the same type of thing from them
交換する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【change(変える)】
Ex) I exchanged some money before I went on a vacation.

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exclaim【ɪkˈskleɪm】


:to say something suddenly and loudly, especially because of strong emotion or pain
叫ぶ
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【claim(叫ぶ)】
(外に向かって、叫ぶニュアンス)
Ex) “It isn’t fair!”, he exclaimed.

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exclamation mark【ˌekskləˈmeɪʃn mɑːrk】


:the mark ( ! ) that is written after an exclamation

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exclude【ɪkˈskluːd】


:to deliberately not include something in what you are doing or considering
除外する、締め出す
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【clude(閉じる)】
(外にはじき出すニュアンス)
Ex) They excluded her from their group.

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excursion【ɪkˈskɜːrʒn】


:a short journey made for pleasure, especially one that has been organized for a group of people
遠足、小旅行
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【curs(走る)】+【ion(名詞)】
(外に向かって走るニュアンス)
Ex) a school excursion

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execute【ˈeksɪkjuːt】


:to do a piece of work, perform a duty, put a plan into action, etc.
実行する、(処刑する意味もあります)
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ecute(追い詰める)】
(外まで追い詰める、最後までする)
Ex) They carefully executed the plan.

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executive【ɪɡˈzekjətɪv】


:a person who has an important job as a manager of a company or an organization
経営幹部、重役
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ecute(追い詰める)】+【ive(形容詞)】
(外にまでついていく、最後までやる人、実行者)
Ex) He’s an executive in the company.

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exemplify【ɪɡˈzemplɪfaɪ】


:to be a typical example of something
例示する、実例となる
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【emp(取る)】+【ify(動詞)】
(外に出して、示すニュアンス)
Ex) This painting exemplifies the post-modernist artistic style.

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exercise【ˈeksərsaɪz】


:to do sports or other physical activities in order to stay healthy or become stronger; to make an animal do this
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ercise(束縛)】
(束縛から、外に出す)
Ex) She’s exercising hard.

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exert【ɪɡˈzɜːrt】


:to use power or influence to affect somebody/something
努力する、力を発揮する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ert(結ぶ)】
(力を合わせて、外に出すニュアンス)
Ex) She has to exert a lot of effort to finish her run.

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exhale【eksˈheɪl】


:to breathe out the air or smoke, etc. in your lungs
息を吐き出す
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【hale(息)】
Ex) It is important to exhale during yoga.

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exhibit【ɪɡˈzɪbɪt】


:to show something in a public place for people to enjoy or to give them information
展示会、展覧会
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【hibit(持つ)】
▶︎動詞も、「exhibit(展示する)」です。
Ex) I went to the robot exhibit last weekend.

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exist【ɪɡˈzɪst】


:to be real; to be present in a place or situation
存在する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【sist(立つ)】
(生まれ出て、外に立つ)
Ex) Do aliens exit?

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exotic【ɪɡˈzɑːtɪk】


:from or in another country, especially a tropical one; seeming exciting and unusual because it seems to be connected with foreign countries
南国風の
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【tic(形容詞)】
Ex) She went on vacation in an exotic location.

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expatriate【ˌeksˈpeɪtriət】


:living in a country that is not your own
国外移住者、国外追放者
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【patri(母国)】
Ex) an expatriate couple

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expect【ɪkˈspekt】


:to think or believe that something will happen or that somebody will do something
期待する、予期する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pect(見る)】
(何かいいことがないかと、外を見るニュアンス)
Ex) She’s expecting a package from her parents.

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expedition【ˌekspəˈdɪʃn】


:an organized journey with a particular purpose, especially to find out about a place that is not well known
遠征、探検
▶︎【ex(外にped(足)】+【tion(名詞)】
Ex) a scientific expedition to Antarctica

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expel【ɪkˈspel】


:to officially make somebody leave a school or an organization
追放する、追い出す
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pel(押す)】
Ex) He was expelled from the company for poor performance.

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expend【ɪkˈspend】


:to use or spend a lot of time, money, energy, etc.
費やす
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pend(払う、ぶら下げる)】
(外へ出して、ぶら下げる)
Ex) I need to expend more time on solving the problem.

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expenditure【ɪkˈspendɪtʃər】


:the act of spending or using money; an amount of money spent
支出、経費
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pend(払う、ぶら下げる)】+【ure(名詞)】
Ex) plans to increase expenditure on health

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expensive【ɪkˈspensɪv】


:costing a lot of money
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pens(払う)】+【ive(形容詞)】
(標準を越えて、支払うほどの)
Ex) The bill is more expensive than I expected.

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experience【ɪkˈspɪriəns】


:to have a particular situation affect you or happen to you
経験、体験
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【peri(試す)】+【ence(名詞)】
(外で試したこと、のニュアンス)
Ex) She’s experiencing virtual reality.

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experiment【ɪkˈsperɪmənt】


:a scientific test that is done in order to study what happens and to gain new knowledge
実験
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【peri(試す)】+【ment(名詞)】
Ex) The students are doing a science experiment at school.

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expert【ˈekspɜːrt】


:a person with special knowledge, skill or training in something
専門家、エキスパート
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pert(試す)】
(外で試してきた人)
Ex) He’s an expert in biology.

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expire【ɪkˈspaɪər】


:(of a document, an agreement, etc.) to be no longer legally acceptable because the period of time for which it could be used has ended
期限が切れる、消える
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pir(息をする)】
(息が絶えるニュアンス)
Ex) The bananas expired two days ago.

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explain【ɪkˈspleɪn】


:to tell somebody about something in a way that makes it easy to understand
説明する、分かりやすくする
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【plain(平らな)】
(外に向かって、明らかにする)
Ex) She’s explaining the graph to the students.

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explicit【ɪkˈsplɪsɪt】


:clear and easy to understand, so that you have no doubt what is meant
明白な、分かりやすい
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pli(折る)】
(意図を外に折り出して、見せるニュアンス)
Ex) She gave me explicit directions for how to finish the project.

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explode【ɪkˈspləʊd】


:to burst (= break apart) or make something burst loudly and violently, causing damage
爆発する、爆発させる
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【plode(拍手)】
(拍手で騒音を立て、役者を舞台から追い出すニュアンス)
Ex) The bombs exploded.

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exploit【ɪkˈsplɔɪt】


:to treat a person or situation as an opportunity to gain an advantage for yourself
搾取する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ploi(折る)】
(閉じていたものを、外に向かって折り出す)
Ex) I was exploited by my last boss.

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explore【ɪkˈsplɔːr】


:to travel to or around an area or a country in order to learn about it
探索する、探検する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【plor(叫ぶ)】
(声を出して、何かを探し求めるニュアンス)
Ex) He went out and explored the city.

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export【ˈekspɔːrt】


:the selling and transporting of goods to another country
輸出する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【port(運ぶ)】
▶︎名詞形は、「exportation」です。
Ex) Their main export market is the United States.

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expose【ɪkˈspəʊz】


:to show something that is usually hidden
さらす
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【pose(置く)】
(外に置くニュアンス)
Ex) The bricks are exposed.

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exposition【ˌekspəˈzɪʃn】


:an event at which people, businesses, etc. show and sell their goods; a trade fair
展覧会、提示
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【posit(置く)】+【ion(名詞)】
Ex) The artist had an exposition last weekend.

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express【ɪkˈspres】


:to show or make known a feeling, an opinion, etc. by words, looks or actions
表現する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【press(押す)】
(気持ちを押し出すニュアンス)
▶︎名詞形は「expression(表情)」、形容詞系は「expressive(表現力豊かな)」です。
Ex) She expressed her feelings to her therapist.

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exquisite【ɪkˈskwɪzɪt】


:extremely beautiful or carefully made
この上なく、素晴らしい
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【qui(求める)】+【ite(形容詞)】
(外に出て、探し求めたこの上ないもの)
Ex) The cherry blossoms are exquisite.

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extend【ɪkˈstend】


:to make something longer or larger
延長する、伸ばす
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【tend(伸ばす)】
(外に伸ばすニュアンス)
Ex) The pier extends out into the water.

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exterior【ɪkˈstɪriər】


:the outside of something, especially a building
外見、外部
▶︎【exter(外に)】+【ior(比較)】
▶︎反対は、「interior」です。
Ex) The apartment has a nice exterior.

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exterminate【ɪkˈstɜːrmɪneɪt】


:to kill all the members of a group of people or animals
絶滅させる、根絶させる
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【term(終わり)】+【ate(動詞)】
(限界の外に置くニュアンス)
Ex) We need to exterminate the termites in my house.

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external【ɪkˈstɜːrnl】


:connected with or located on the outside of something/somebody
外部の
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【al(形容詞)】
▶︎反対は、「internal」です。
Ex) an external hard drive

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extinct【ɪkˈstɪŋkt】


:(of a type of plant, animal, etc.) no longer in existence
絶滅した
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【stink(刺す)】
(刺して、外に出すニュアンス)
Ex) Dinosaurs went extinct a long time ago.

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extinguish【ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ】


:to make a fire stop burning or a light stop shining
消火する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【sting(刺す)】+【ish(動詞)】
Ex) He is extinguishing the fire.

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extort【ɪkˈstɔːrt】


:to make somebody give you something by threatening them
ゆすり取る、騙し取る
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【tort(ねじる)】
(ねじり出すニュアンス)
Ex) He was arrested for extorting a client.

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extract【ɪkˈstrækt】


:to remove or obtain a substance from something, for example by using an industrial or a chemical process
抜く、抜粋する
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【tract(引く)】
Ex) He has to get a tooth extracted.

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extreme【ɪkˈstriːm】


:very great in degree
極度の、極端な
▶︎【extr(外の)】+【eme(最上級)】
(最も外の、のニュアンス)
Ex) The weather is extremely hot.

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extrovert【ˈekstrəvɜːrt】


:a lively and confident person who enjoys being with other peoplewith other people
社交的な人
▶︎【extro(外に)】+【vert(向く)】
Ex) They’re all extroverts.

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exultant【ɪɡˈzʌltənt】


:feeling or showing that you are very proud or happy, especially because of something exciting that has happened
最高の気持ちの、有頂天の
▶︎【ex(外に)】+【ult(跳ねる)】+【ant(形容詞)】
(外で跳ね上がる)
Ex) He was exultant to reach the top of the mountain.

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