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【英語語源】「dis」 Answer Key

こちらは、英語語源「dis」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

disabled【dɪsˈeɪbld】



:unable to use a part of your body completely or easily because of a physical condition, an illness, an injury, etc.; unable to learn easily
体が不自由な
▶︎「dis」は、「反対、離れて」の意味になります。
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【able(できる)】
Ex) She was disabled and needed to use a wheelchair.

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disadvantage【ˌdɪsədˈvæntɪdʒ】


:something that causes problems and tends to stop somebody/something from succeeding or making progress
不利な立場
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【ab(離れた)】+【ante(前に)】+【age(こと)】
(前に出る観点ではない)
Ex) He was at a disadvantage compared to the other competitors.

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disagree【ˌdɪsəˈɡriː】


:if two people disagree or one person disagrees with another about something, they have a different opinion about it
同意しない、意見が異なる
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【agree(同意する)】
Ex) I disagree with your idea.

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disappear【ˌdɪsəˈpɪr】


:to become impossible to see
消える
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【appear(現れる)】
Ex) The sun disappeared behind the mountain.

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disappointed【ˌdɪsəˈpɔɪntɪd】


:upset because something you hoped for has not happened or been as good, successful, etc. as you expected
がっかりした、落胆した
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【appoint(約束)】
(約束を取り消す)
Ex) He was so disappointed when he failed the test.

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disarm【dɪsˈɑːrm】


:to take a weapon or weapons away from somebody
武装解除をする
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【arm(武器)】
Ex) The terrorists disarmed themselves.

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disassemble【ˌdɪsəˈsembl】


:to take apart a machine or structure so that it is in separate pieces
分解させる
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【assemble(集める、部品を組み立てる)】
Ex) He disassembled the car for parts.

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disaster【dɪˈzæstər】


:an unexpected event, such as a very bad accident, a flood or a fire, that kills a lot of people or causes a lot of damage
大惨事、災難
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【aster(星)】
(幸運の星から離れたニュアンス)

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disclose【dɪsˈkləʊz】


:to give somebody information about something, especially something that was previously secret
公開する、暴露する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【close(閉じる)】
(閉じていたものを、開くニュアンス)
Ex) I cannot disclose what we discussed.

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discomfort【dɪsˈkʌmfərt】


:a feeling of slight pain or of being physically uncomfortable
不快感
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【com(強意)】+【fortis(力)】
Ex) The patient still has some discomfort after the surgery.

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discord【ˈdɪskɔːrd】

 
:disagreement; arguing
不和
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【cordis(心)】
Ex) The two friends had some discord over the girl they both loved.

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discount【ˈdɪskaʊnt】


:an amount of money that is taken off the usual cost of something
割引、ディスカウント
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【count(数える)】
(定価より数えないニュアンス)
Ex) The store offers a two percent discount when customers pay in cash.

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discourage【dɪsˈkɜːrɪdʒ】


:to try to prevent something or to prevent somebody from doing something, especially by making it difficult to do or by showing that you do not approve of it
意気を落とす
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【courage(勇気)】
Ex) My boss always discourages us when we try to offer new ideas.

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discover【dɪˈskʌvər】


:to be the first person to become aware that a particular place or thing exists
発見する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【cover(覆う)】
(覆いを取るニュアンス)
Ex) Christopher Columbus discovered the New World in 1492.

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disease【dɪˈziːz】


:an illness affecting humans, animals or plants, often caused by infection

▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【ease(楽)】
(楽ではないニュアンス)
Ex) He’s suffering from a disease.

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dishonest【dɪsˈɑːnɪst】


:not honest; intending to trick people
不正直な
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【honest(正直な)】
Ex) He’s a dishonest student

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dislike【dɪsˈlaɪk】


:to not like somebody/something
〜を嫌う
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【like(好む)】
Ex) She dislikes vegetables.

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dislocate【ˈdɪsləʊkeɪt】


:to put a bone out of its normal position in a joint
〜を脱臼させる
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【locate(置く)】
Ex) I dislocated my shoulder while exercising.

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dismiss【dɪsˈmɪs】


:to officially remove somebody from their job
解雇する、解任する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【miss(送る)】
Ex) He was dismissed and left the company.

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disobedient【ˌdɪsəˈbiːdiənt】


:failing or refusing to obey
不従順な
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【obedient(従順な)】
Ex) He was very mad at his daughter for being disobedient.

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disorder【dɪsˈɔːrdər】


:an untidy state; a lack of order or organization
不秩序、混沌
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【order(秩序)】
Ex) The room was completely in disorder.

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dispel【dɪˈspel】


:to make something, especially a feeling or belief, go away or disappear
追い払う、払い除ける
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【pel(動かす)】
Ex) He made an official statement to dispel the rumors about his retirement.

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dispense【dɪˈspens】


:to give out something to people
与える、提供する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【pense(払われる)】
Ex) Press here to dispense soap.

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display【dɪˈspleɪ】


:to put something in a place where people can see it easily; to show something to people
陳列する、展示する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【play(折る)】
(折り畳まれていたものを開いて見せるニュアンス)
Ex) Toys were displayed in the store window.

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disposal【dɪˈspəʊzl】


:the act of getting rid of something
処理、処分
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【pose(置く)】+【al(こと、もの)】
Ex) It is important to properly dispose of your electronic waste.

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disrespectful【ˌdɪsrɪˈspektfl】


:showing a lack of respect for somebody/something
礼を欠いた、無礼な
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【respect(尊敬する)】+【ful(形容詞)】
Ex) The little girl was very disrespectful in class.

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disrupt【dɪsˈrʌpt】


:to make it difficult for something to continue in the normal way
中断させる、混乱させる、崩壊させる
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【rupt(崩れる、破れる)】
Ex) The earthquake disrupted my game of dominos.

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dissent【dɪˈsent】


:to have or express opinions that are different from those that are officially accepted
異議を唱える、反対する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【sentire(感じる)】
Ex) She dissented from his opinion about the research.

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dissolve【dɪˈzɑːlv】


:(of a solid) to mix with a liquid and become part of it
分解する、溶解する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【solve(解く)】
(離れて解くニュアンス)
Ex) Sugar dissolves in water.

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distant【ˈdɪstənt】


:far away in space or time
離れた
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【stand(立つ)】
(離れて立つニュアンス)
Ex) They have grown distant from each other.

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distinguish【dɪˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ】


:to recognize the difference between two people or things
区別する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【sting(刺す)】+【ish(動詞)】
(刺して区別するニュアンス)
Ex) He’s old enough to distinguish between fact and fantasy.

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distinct【dɪˈstɪŋkt】


:easily or clearly heard, seen, felt, etc.
異なった、別々の
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【stinct(刺す)】
Ex) There is a distinct difference between the long and short grass.

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distort【dɪˈstɔːrt】


:to change the shape, appearance or sound of something so that it is strange or not clear
歪む
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【torquere(ねじる)】
Ex) The mirrors distorted the image of the hallway.

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distracted【dɪˈstræktɪd】


:unable to pay attention to somebody/something because you are worried or thinking about something else
気が散った、逸れた
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【tract(引っ張る)】
(気が引き離れたニュアンス)
Ex) She was clearly distracted while he was telling his story.

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distribute【dɪˈstrɪbjuːt】


:to give things to a large number of people; to share something between a number of people
分配する
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【tribuere(与える)】
Ex) We want to distribute all of the money equally.

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disturb【dɪˈstɜːrb】


:to interrupt somebody when they are trying to work, sleep, etc.
▶︎【dis(反対、離れて)】+【turbare(乱す)】

(完全に乱すニュアンス)
Ex) The noise disturbed the peace and quiet.

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