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名詞

【英語】科学の名詞フラッシュカード(Science) Answer Key

こちらは、「Science」のAnswer Keyです。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Answer Key

実験道具

microscope【ˈmaɪkrəskəʊp】


:an instrument used in scientific study for making very small things look larger so that you can examine them carefully

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safety goggles【ˈseɪfti ɡɑːɡlz】

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test tube【ˈtest tuːb】


:a small glass tube, closed at one end, that is used in scientific experiments

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beaker【ˈbiːkər】


:a glass cup with straight sides and a lip, used in chemistry, for example for measuring liquids

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flask【flæsk】


:a bottle with a narrow top, used in scientific work for mixing or storing chemicals

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dropper【ˈdrɑːpər】


:a short glass tube with a hollow rubber end used for measuring medicine or other liquids in drops
▶︎「スポイト」は、オランダ語です⚠️

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slide【slaɪd】


:a small piece of glass that something is placed on so that it can be looked at under a microscope

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thermometer【θərˈmɑːmɪtər】


:an instrument used for measuring the temperature of the air, a person’s body, etc.
▶︎「体温計」も、同じ名称です。

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Bunsen burner【ˌbʌnsn ˈbɜːrnər】


:an instrument used in scientific work that produces a hot gas flame
▶︎ドイツの「Robert Bunsen」氏が、発明しました。

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magnet【ˈmæɡnət】


:a piece of iron that attracts objects made of iron towards it, either naturally or because of an electric current that is passed through it

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laboratory【ˈlæbrətɔːri】


:a room or building used for scientific research, experiments, testing, etc.
実験室

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物質、状態など

solid【ˈsɑːlɪd】


:a substance or an object that is solid, not a liquid or a gas
固体

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liquid【ˈlɪkwɪd】


:a substance that flows freely and is not a solid or a gas, for example water or oil
液体

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gas【ɡæs】


:any substance like air that is neither a solid nor a liquid, for example hydrogen or oxygen
気体

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dry ice【ˌdraɪ ˈaɪs】


:solid carbon dioxide used for keeping food, etc. cold or for producing special effects in the theatre

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condensation【ˌkɑːndenˈseɪʃn】


:drops of water that form on a cold surface when warm water vapour becomes cool
結露

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crystal【ˈkrɪstl】


:a small piece of a substance with many even sides, that is formed naturally when the substance becomes solid
結晶

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molecule(s)【ˈmɑːlɪkjuːl】


:a group of atoms that forms the smallest unit that a substance can be divided into without a change in its chemical nature
分子

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遺伝子工学

cell【sel】


:the smallest unit of living matter that can exist on its own. All plants and animals are made up of cells.

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DNA【ˌdiː en ˈeɪ】


:the chemical in the cells of animals and plants that carries geneticinformation and is a type of nucleic acid (the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid)

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cloning【ˈkloʊ.nɪŋ】


:the process of creating an exact copy of a plant or animal by using its cells

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genetic engineering【dʒəˌnetɪk endʒɪˈnɪrɪŋ】


:the science of changing how a living creature or plant develops by changing the information in its genes
遺伝子工学

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電気

static electricity【ˌstætɪk ɪˌlekˈtrɪsəti】


:electricity that gathers on or in an object that is not a conductor of electricity

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electric shock【ɪˌlektrɪk ˈʃɑːk】


:a sudden flow of electricity through a part of the body, causing pain and sometimes death

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科学者など

scientist【ˈsaɪəntɪst】


:a person who studies one or more of the natural sciences (= for example, physics, chemistry or biology)

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experiment【ɪkˈsperɪmənt】


:a scientific test that is done in order to study what happens and to gain new knowledge
実験

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reaction【riˈækʃn】


:a chemical change produced by two or more substances acting on each other
化学変化

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result(s)【rɪˈzʌlt】


:the information that you get from a scientific test or piece of research
実験結果

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hypothesis【haɪˈpɑːθəsɪs】


:an idea or explanation of something that is based on a few known facts but that has not yet been proved to be true or correct
仮説

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フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、発音を聞いて、何度も声に出して覚える
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
「英語」という「教科」を、「言葉」に変える


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