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名詞

【英語】犯罪の名詞(Crimes) Answer Key

こちらは、「Crimes」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

犯罪名、犯罪者

murder【ˈmɜːrdər】


:the crime of killing somebody deliberately
殺人

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assassination【əˌsæsɪˈneɪʃn】


:the murder of an important or famous person, especially for political reasons
暗殺
▶︎「暗殺者」は、「assassin」です。

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robbery【ˈrɑːbəri】


:the crime of stealing money or goods from a bank, shop, person, etc., especially using violence or threats
強盗
▶︎「銀行強盗」は、「bank robbery」です。

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burglary【ˈbɜːrɡləri】


:the crime of entering a building illegally and stealing things from it
不法侵入、泥棒
▶︎「burglary」は、「留守時を狙って盗みに入る」意味です。
▶︎「burglar」は、「窃盗犯人」のことを指します。

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mugging【ˈmʌɡɪŋ】


:the crime of attacking somebody violently, or threatening to do so, in order to steal their money, especially in a public place
路上強盗

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kidnapping【ˈkɪdnæpɪŋ】


:the crime of taking somebody away illegally and keeping them as a prisoner, especially in order to get money or something else for returning them
誘拐
▶︎「誘拐犯」は「kidnapper」、「身代金」は「ransom」です。

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shoplifting【ˈʃɑːplɪftɪŋ】


:the crime of stealing goods from a shop by deliberately leaving without paying for them
万引き

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pickpocketing【ˈpɪkpɑːkɪtɪŋ】


:the crime  of stealing money, etc. from other people’s pockets, especially in crowded places
スリ

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car theft【kɑːr θeft】


:the crime of stealing car from a person or place
車泥棒

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speeding【ˈspiːdɪŋ】


:the traffic offence of driving faster than the legal limit
スピード違反

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parking violation【ˈpɑːrkɪŋ ˌvaɪəˈleɪʃn】


駐車違反

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bike thief【ˈbaɪk θiːf】


自転車泥棒
thief
:a person who steals something from another person or place
▶︎「thief」は、「泥棒」の意味です。

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bribery【ˈbraɪbəri】


:the giving or taking of bribes
賄賂

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drug dealing【ˈdrʌɡ diːlɪŋ】


:the crime of selling and buying illegal drugs
麻薬取引

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smuggling【ˈsmʌɡlɪŋ】


:the crime of taking, sending or bringing goods secretly and illegally into or out of a country
密輸

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hacking【ˈhækɪŋ】


:the activity of using computers to get access to data in somebody else’s computer or phone system without permission

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fraud【frɔːd】


:the crime of cheating somebody in order to get money or goods illegally
詐欺行為

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arson【ˈɑːrsn】


:the crime of deliberately setting fire to something, especially a building
放火
▶︎「放火犯」は、「arsonist」です。

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vandalism【ˈvændəlɪzəm】


:the crime of destroying or damaging something, especially public property, deliberately and for no good reason
器物破損、破壊行為

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hooliganism【ˈhuːlɪɡənɪzəm】


:noisy and violent behaviour by a group of people in public
暴動行為

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逮捕後、裁判

trial【ˈtraɪəl】


:a formal examination of evidence in court by a judge and often a jury, to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not
裁判

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criminal【ˈkrɪmɪnl】


:a person who commits a crime
犯罪者

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suspect【ˈsʌspekt】


:a person who is suspected of a crime or of having done something wrong
容疑者

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victim【ˈvɪktɪm】


:a person who has been attacked, injured or killed as the result of a crime, a disease, an accident, etc.
被害者

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witness【ˈwɪtnəs】


:a person who sees something happen and is able to describe it to other people
目撃者

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jury【ˈdʒʊri】


:a group of members of the public who listen to the facts of a case in a court and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime, or whether a claim has been proved
陪審員

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fine【faɪn】


:a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule
罰金

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criminal record【ˌkrɪmɪnl ˈrekərd】


:the fact of having committed crimes in the past
犯罪歴

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