英語を日本語に切り替えず、英語のまま理解する
Answer Keys

【完全保存版】英語 名詞フラッシュカード(Disaster)災害の単語 Answer Key

こちらは、「Disaster」のAnswer Keyです。なるべく、英語のまま捉えられるように、日本語訳を抜いています。

また、フラッシュカードを使う前に、こちらの「使い方」をお読み下さい。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Answer Key

fire 【ˈfaɪər


⤴️
:the light and heat and especially the flame produced by burning
火、火事

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forest fire【ˈfɔːrɪst ˈfaɪər


:a fire burning in an area of land with many trees, that is difficult to controland sometimes spreads quickly
山火事

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flame 【fleɪm


:the hot, glowing gas that can be seen when a fire is burning
▶️これは「fire」とは言いません。もっと燃え広がったものが「fire」🙅‍♀️
▶️「candle」について

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smoke 【ˈsmoʊk】


⤴️
:the cloud of black, gray, or white gases and dust that is produced by burning something

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ash【æʃ】


:the grey or black powder that is left after something, especially tobacco, wood or coal, has burnt

▶️灰皿は「ashtray」

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volcano 【vɑːlˈkeɪnoʊ


:a mountain with a hole in the top or side that sometimes sends out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion (called an eruption)

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lava【ˈlɑːvə】


:hot liquid rock that comes out of a volcano
溶岩

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earthquake 【ˈɜːrθkweɪk


:a shaking of a part of the Earth’s surface that often causes great damage

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landslide 【ˈlændˌslaɪd】


:a large mass of rocks and earth that suddenly and quickly moves down the side of a mountain or hill
地滑り

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tsunami【tsuːˈnɑːmi】


:an extremely large wave in the sea caused, for example, by an earthquake

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drought 【draʊt


:a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain
かんばつ

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famine【ˈfæmɪn】


:a lack of food during a long period of time in a region
飢饉

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avalanche【ˈævəlæntʃ】


:a mass of snow, ice and rock that falls down the side of a mountain
雪崩
▶️「Winter」名詞フラッシュカード

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blizzard【ˈblɪzərd


:a snowstorm with very strong winds
吹雪
▶️「snow」について

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storm【stɔːrm】


:very bad weather with strong winds and rain, and often thunder and lightning

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typhoon【taɪˈfuːn】


:a violent tropical storm with very strong winds
▶️「typhoon/hurricane/cyclone」の違い

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tornado 【tɔːrˈneɪdoʊ


:a violent and destructive storm in which powerful winds move around a central point

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lightning【ˈlaɪtnɪŋ】


⤴️
:a flash, or several flashes, of very bright light in the sky caused by electricity
▶️日本語は「雷」ですが、英語は「雷鳴」と「稲妻」で分けます。「稲妻」は「lightning」になります(合わせて言う場合は「thunder and lightning」で)

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thunder【ˈθʌndər】


:the loud noise that you hear after a flash of lightning, during a storm
▶️「thunder」は「雷鳴」の方。そのため、落ちるのは「lightning」で、「thunder」は落ちません。

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flood【flʌd】


:a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry
洪水

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virus【ˈvaɪrəs】


⤴️
:a living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope, that causes disease in people, animals and plants

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pandemic【pænˈdemɪk】


:a disease that spreads over a whole country or the whole world
伝染病
▶️似た言葉で「epidemic【ˌepɪˈdemɪk】」がありますが、これは局地的なものです(a large number of cases of a particular disease or medical condition happening at the same time in a particular community)一方、「pan-」は「including all of something; connected with the whole of something」の意味です。全体的、全世界的なものは「pan-」で表現します(コロナは「pandemic」です)

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lockdown【ˈlɑːkdaʊn】


:an official order to control the movement of people or vehicles because of a dangerous situation
都市封鎖

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car accident【kɑːr ˈæksɪdənt】


⤴️
:an unpleasant event, especially in a vehicle, that happens unexpectedly and causes injury or damage

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airplane crash【ˈerpleɪn kræʃ】


:an accident in which a vehicle hits something, for example another vehicle, usually causing damage and often injuring or killing the passengers

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フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、発音を聞いて、何度も声に出して覚える
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
日本人が学んできた「英語」とは何だったのか?


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