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Answer Keys

【英語】災害の名詞フラッシュカード(Disasters) Answer Key

こちらは、「Disasters」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

災害

volcano 【vɑːlˈkeɪnoʊ


:a mountain with a hole in the top or side that sometimes sends out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion (called an eruption)

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lava【ˈlɑːvə】


:hot liquid rock that comes out of a volcano
溶岩

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earthquake 【ˈɜːrθkweɪk


:a shaking of a part of the Earth’s surface that often causes great damage

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landslide 【ˈlændˌslaɪd】


:a large mass of rocks and earth that suddenly and quickly moves down the side of a mountain or hill
地滑り

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tsunami【tsuːˈnɑːmi】


:an extremely large wave in the sea caused, for example, by an earthquake

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drought 【draʊt


:a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain
かんばつ

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famine【ˈfæmɪn】


:a lack of food during a long period of time in a region
飢饉

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avalanche【ˈævəlæntʃ】


:a mass of snow, ice and rock that falls down the side of a mountain
雪崩

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blizzard【ˈblɪzərd


:a snowstorm with very strong winds
吹雪

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storm【stɔːrm】


:very bad weather with strong winds and rain, and often thunder and lightning

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typhoon【taɪˈfuːn】



:a violent tropical storm with very strong winds

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tornado 【tɔːrˈneɪdoʊ


:a violent and destructive storm in which powerful winds move around a central point

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lightning【ˈlaɪtnɪŋ】



:a flash, or several flashes, of very bright light in the sky caused by electricity
▶︎「稲妻(光)」は「lightning」、「雷鳴(音)」は「thunder」です。
(合わせて言う場合は「thunder and lightning」で)

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thunder【ˈθʌndər】



:the loud noise that you hear after a flash of lightning, during a storm
▶︎「稲妻(光)」は「lightning」、「雷鳴(音)」は「thunder」です。
(合わせて言う場合は「thunder and lightning」で)

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flood【flʌd】


:a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry
洪水

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smog【smɑːɡ】


:a form of air pollution that is or looks like a mixture of smoke and fog, especially in cities

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事故

car accident【kɑːr ˈæksɪdənt】


:an unpleasant event, especially in a vehicle, that happens unexpectedly and causes injury or damage

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airplane crash【ˈerpleɪn kræʃ】


:an accident in which a vehicle hits something, for example another vehicle, usually causing damage and often injuring or killing the passengers

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