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Answer Keys

【英語】自然の名詞フラッシュカード(Nature)Answer Key

こちらは、「Nature」のAnswer Keyです。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Answer Key

山、山脈など

mountain 【ˈmaʊntn


:an area of land that rises very high above the land around it and that is higher than a hill

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mountain range【ˈmaʊntn reɪndʒ】


:a line or group of mountains or hills
山脈

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canyon 【ˈkænjən


:a deep valley with steep rock sides and often a stream or river flowing through it

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cliff 【klɪf


:a high, steep surface of rock, earth, or ice
▶︎よく聞く「cliff-hunger」とは、ドラマなどで「ハラハラするシーンで終了し、次話まで視聴者の興味を惹かせる手法」のことを指します。

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valley 【ˈvæli


:an area of low land between hills or mountains

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plateau【plæˈtəʊ】


:an area of flat land that is higher than the land around it
高原、台地

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hill 【hɪl


:a usually rounded area of land that is higher than the land around it but that is not as high as a mountain

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cave 【keɪv


:a large hole that was formed by natural processes in the side of a cliff or hill or under the ground

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limestone cave【ˈlaɪmstəʊn keɪv】


鍾乳洞
▶︎「limestone」は石灰岩の意味です。

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森、野原など

forest 【ˈfɔːrɪst


:a thick growth of trees and bushes that covers a large area

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woods【wʊdz】


:an area of trees, smaller than a forest

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rainforest【ˈreɪnfɔːrɪst】


:a thick forest in tropical parts of the world that have a lot of rain

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field【fiːld】


:an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc.

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meadow【ˈmedəʊ】


:a field with wild grass and flowers

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rice paddy【ˈraɪs ˈpædi】


:a field planted with rice growing in water

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砂漠、砂、石など

desert 【ˈdezərt


:an area of very dry land that is usually covered with sand and is very hot
▶︎アクセントは
初めにあります⚠️
▶︎後ろにアクセントを置くと、「(食後の)デザート(dessert)」のように聞こえます。

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sand【sænd】


:a substance that consists of very small fine grains of rock. Sand is found on beaches, in deserts, etc.

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sand dune 【ˈsænd duːn


:a hill of sand near an ocean or in a desert that is formed by the wind

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mud【mʌd】


:wet earth that is soft and sticky

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stone【stoʊn】


:a hard solid mineral substance that is found in the ground, often used for building

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pebble【ˈpebl】


:a smooth, round stone that is found in or near water
小石

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rock【rɑːk】


:the hard solid material that forms part of the surface of the earth and some other planets

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ruin【ˈruːɪn】


:the parts of a building that remain after it has been destroyed or severely damaged
遺跡

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fossil【ˈfɑːsl】


:the remains of an animal or a plant which have become hard and turned into rock
化石

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光、影、陰

light【laɪt】


:the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see things
▶︎日光は「sunlight」、月光は「moonlight」です。

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shade【ʃeɪd】


:an area that is dark and cool under or behind something, for example a tree or building, because the sun’s light does not get to it
日陰、陰

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shadow【ˈʃædoʊ


:the dark shape that somebody/something’s form makes on a surface, for example on the ground, when they are between the light and the surface
(面に映った)影

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