:a substance that things can be made from
:a hard, usually transparent, substance used, for example, for making windows and bottles
:material made by removing the hair or fur from animal skins and preserving the skins using special processes
:a light strong material that is produced by chemical processes and can be formed into shapes when heated. There are many different types of plastic, used to make different objects and fabrics.
▶️ペットボトルは「plastic bottle」、ビニール袋は「plastic bag」
:the hard material that the trunk and branches of a tree are made of; this material when it is used to build or make things with, or as a fuel
▶️「be made of/from」についてはこちらから
:the thin material that you write and draw on and that is also used for wrapping and packing things
:a strong substance that can be stretched and does not allow liquids to pass through it, used for making tyres, boots, etc. It is made from the liquid (= sap) inside a tropical plant or is produced using chemicals.
:a pot or other object made of claythat has been made permanently hard by heat
:a type of solid mineral substance that is usually hard and shiny and that heat and electricity can travel through, for example tin, iron and gold
:a chemical element. Gold is a yellow precious metal used for making coins, jewellery, decorative objects, etc.
: a hard solid mineral substance that is found in the ground, often used for building
:building material that is made by mixing together cement, sand, small stones and water
:baked clayused for building walls, houses and other buildings; an individual block of this
:a type of hard stone that is usually white and often has coloured lines in it. It can be polished and is used in building and for making statues, etc.
:stems of wheat or other grain plants that have been cut and dried. Straw is used for making mats, hats, etc., for packing things to protect them, and as food for animals or for them to sleep on.
:material made by weaving wool, cotton, silk, etc., used for making clothes, curtains, etc. and for covering furniture
:the soft fine hair that covers the body of sheep, goatsand some other animals
:a type of strong cotton cloth that is usually blue and is used for making clothes, especially jeans
: fine soft thread produced by silkworms