「絵×音×口頭反復練習」で英語話者の道へ
Answer Keys

【完全保存版】英語 名詞フラッシュカード(Animals)動物の単語 Answer Key

こちらは、「Animals」のAnswer Keyです。英語のまま捉えられるように、なるべく日本語訳を抜いています。

また、フラッシュカードを使う前に、こちらの「使い方」をお読み下さい。

インプットできたら、フラッシュカードへどうぞ。

Contents

Answer Key

哺乳類(mammal)

cat 【kæt


:a small animal with soft fur that people often keep as a pet. Cats catch and kill birds and mice.
▶️「Cat」について

      🔈

kitten 【ˈkɪtn


:a young cat
▶️子猫や子犬など、英語は違う名称を持つ場合が、多々あります。

      🔈

dog 【dɔːɡ


:an animal with four legs and a tail, often kept as a pet or trained for work, for example hunting or guarding buildings. There are many types of dog, some of which are wild.
▶️「Dogs」について

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puppy 【ˈpʌpi


: a young dog

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mouse 【maʊs


:a small animal that is covered in fur and has a long thin tail. Mice live in fields, in people’s houses or where food is stored.

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squirrel 【ˈskwɪrəl】


:a small animal with a long thick tail and red, grey or black fur. Squirrels eat nuts and live in trees.

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rabbit 【ræbɪt


:a small animal with soft fur, long ears and a short tail. Rabbits live in holes in the ground or are kept as pets or for food.

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hedgehog 【ˈhedʒhɔːɡ


:a small brown animal with stiff parts like needles (called spines) covering its back. Hedgehogs are nocturnal (= active mostly at night) and can roll into a ball to defend themselves when they are attacked.
ハリネズミ

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porcupine 【ˈpɔːrkjupaɪn


:an animal covered with long stiff parts like needles (called quills), which it can raise to protect itself when it is attacked
ヤマアラシ

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hamster 【ˈhæmstər


:an animal like a large mouse, with large cheeks for storing food. Hamsters are often kept as pets.

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mole 【moʊl


: a small animal with dark grey fur, that is almost blind and digs tunnels under the ground to live in
モグラ

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skunk 【skʌŋk


:a small black and white N American animal that can produce a strong unpleasant smell to defend itself when it is attacked

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mongoose 【ˈmɑːŋɡuːs


:a small tropical animal with fur, that kills snakes, rats, etc

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armadillo 【ˌɑːrməˈdɪloʊ


:an American animal with a hard shell made of pieces of bone

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fox 【fɑːks


:a wild animal of the dog family, with reddish-brown fur, a pointed face and a thick heavy tail

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raccoon 【ˈkuːn


:a small N American animal with greyish-brown fur, black marks on its face and a thick tail
アライグマ(タヌキは「raccoon dog」)

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wolf 【wʊlf


: a large wild animal of the dog family, that lives and hunts in groups

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kangaroo 【ˌkæŋɡəˈruː


:a large Australian animal with a strong tail and back legs, that moves by jumping. The female carries its young in a pocket of skin (called a pouch) on the front of its body.

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wild boar 【ˌwaɪld ˈbɔːr


: a wild pig
イノシシ

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pig 【pɪɡ


:an animal with pink, black or brown skin, short legs, a broad nose and a short tail which curls round itself. Pigs are kept on farms for their meat (called pork) or live in the wild.

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cow 【kaʊ


:a large animal kept on farms to produce milk or beef

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goat 【ɡoʊt


:an animal with horns and a coat of hair, that lives wild in mountain areas or is kept on farms for its milk or meat
ヤギ

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sheep 【ʃiːp


:an animal with a thick coat, kept on farms for its meat (called mutton or lamb ) or its wool

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deer 【dɪr


: an animal with long legs, that eats grass, leaves, etc. and can run fast. Most male deer have antlers (= horns shaped like branches). There are many types of deer.

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reindeer 【ˈreɪndɪr


:a large deer with long antlers (= horns shaped like branches), that lives in cold northern regions
トナカイ

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donkey 【ˈdɑːŋki


:an animal of the horse family, with short legs and long ears. People ride donkeys or use them to carry heavy loads.
ロバ(英語圏では、間抜けな動物のイメージです)

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zebra 【ˈziːbrə


:an African wild animal like a horse with black and white lines (=stripes) on its body

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horse 【hɔːrs


:a large animal with four legs, a mane (= long thick hair on its neck) and a tail. Horses are used for riding on, pulling carriages, etc.

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sloth 【sloʊθ


:an animal that lives in trees in tropical parts of America and moves very slowly
ナマケモノ

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monkey 【ˈmʌŋki


:an animal with a long tail, that climbs trees and lives in hot countries. There are several types of monkey and they are related to apesand humans.

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baboon 【bæˈbuːn


: a large African or Asian monkey with a long face like a dog’s
ヒヒ

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orangutan 【əˈræŋətæn


: a large ape (= an animal like a large monkey with no tail) with long arms and reddish hair, that lives in Borneo and Sumatra

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gorilla 【ɡəˈrɪlə


:a very large powerful African ape (= an animal like a large monkey without a tail) covered with black or brown hair

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elephant 【ˈelɪfənt


:a very large animal with thick grey skin, large ears, two curved outer teeth called tusks and a long nose called a trunk. There are two types of elephant, the African and the Asian.
▶️ゾウの鼻は「nose」ではなく、「trunk」と言います。

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giraffe 【dʒəˈræf


:a tall African animal with a very long neck, long legs, and dark marks on its coat

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camel 【ˈkæml


:an animal with a long neck and one or two humps on its back, used in desert countries for riding on or for carrying goods

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rhinoceros 【raɪˈnɑːsərəs


:a large heavy animal with very thick skin and either one or two horns on its nose, that lives in Africa and Asia

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hippopotamus 【ˌhɪpəˈpɑːtəməs


:a large heavy African animal with thick dark skin and short legs, that lives in rivers and lakes

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koala 【koʊˈɑːlə


:an Australian animal with thick grey fur, large ears and no tail. Koalas live in trees and eat leaves.

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panda 【ˈpændə


: a large black and white animal like a bear, that lives in China and is very rare
▶️英語では「白黒」ではなく、「black and white」の順番になります

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red panda【ˌred ˈpændə】


▶️「レッサーパンダ」とは言いません🙅‍♀️

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bear 【ber


:a heavy wild animal with thick fur and sharp claws (=pointed parts on the ends of its feet). There are many types of bear.

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polar bear【ˈpoʊlər ber】


:a white bear that lives near the North Pole
▶️「white bear」とは言いません🙅‍♀️

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lion 【ˈlaɪən


:a large powerful animal of the cat family, that hunts in groups and lives in parts of Africa and southern Asia. Lions have yellowish-brown fur and the male has a mane (= long thick hair round its neck).

      🔈

leopard 【ˈlepərd


:a large animal of the cat family, that has yellowish-brown fur with black spots. Leopards live in Africa and southern Asia.
ヒョウ

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tiger 【ˈtaɪɡər


:a large wild animal of the cat family, that has yellowish fur with black lines (= stripes) and lives in parts of Asia

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両生類(amphibian)、爬虫類(reptile)など

frog 【frɑːɡ


:a small animal with smooth skin, that lives both on land and in water (= is an amphibian). Frogs have very long back legs for jumping, and no tail.

      🔈

tadpole 【ˈtædpoʊl】


:a small creature with a large head and a small tail, that lives in water and is the young form of a frog or toad

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turtle 【ˈtɜːrtl


:a large reptile with a hard round shell, that lives in the sea

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tortoise 【ˈtɔːrtəs


:a reptile with a hard round shell, that lives on land and moves very slowly. It can pull its head and legs into its shell.
▶️亀の総称が「turtle」、リクガメは「tortoise」

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lizard 【ˈlɪzərd


: a small reptile with a rough skin, four short legs and a long tail

      🔈


frilled lizard【frɪld ˈlɪzərd


エリマキトカゲ。フリルが付いています。

      🔈

snake 【sneɪk


:a reptile with a very long thin body and no legs. There are many types of snake, some of which are poisonous.

      🔈


chameleon 【kəˈmiːliən


:a small lizard (= a type of reptile) that can change colour according to its surroundings

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crocodile 【ˈkrɑːkədaɪl


: a large reptile with a long tail, hard skin and very big jaws. Crocodiles live in rivers and lakes in hot countries.

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鳥類(birds)

chick 【tʃɪk】


:a baby bird, especially a baby chicken
ヒヨコ

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chicken 【ˈtʃɪkɪn】


:a large bird that is often kept for its eggs or meat

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dove 【dʌv】


:a bird of the pigeon family. The white dove is often used as a symbol of peace.
ハト(白いもの、平和の象徴)

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pigeon 【ˈpɪdʒɪn】


よく街にいるハトのほう

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crow 【kroʊ】


:a large bird, completely or mostly black, with a rough unpleasant cry
カラス

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woodpecker 【ˈwʊdpekər】


:a bird with a long beak that it uses to make holes in trees when it is looking for insects to eat
キツツキ

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hummingbird 【ˈhʌmɪŋbɜːrd


: a small brightly coloured bird that lives in warm countries and that can stay in one place in the air by beating its wings very fast, making a continuous low sound (= a humming sound)
ハチドリ(お話などによく出てきます)

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swallow 【ˈswɑːloʊ】


:a small bird with long pointed wings and a tail with two points, that spends the winter in Africa but flies to northern countries for the summer
ツバメ

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sparrow 【ˈspæroʊ


:a small brown and grey bird, common in many parts of the world
スズメ

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crane 【kreɪn】


: a large bird with long legs and a long neck
ツル

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parakeet 【ˈpærəkiːt】


: a small bird of the parrot family, usually with a long tail

      🔈


parrot 【ˈpærət


:a tropical bird with a curved beak. There are several types of parrot, most of which have bright feathers. Some are kept as pets and can be trained to copy human speech.

      🔈

seagull 【ˈsiːɡʌl】


:a bird with long wings and usually white and grey or black feathers that lives near the sea. There are several types of gull.
カモメ

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pelican 【ˈpelɪkən】


:a large bird that lives near water, with a bag of skin under its long beak for storing food

      🔈

duck 【dʌk】


:a common bird that lives on or near water and has short legs, webbed feet (= feet with thin pieces of skin between the toes) and a wide beak. There are many types of duck, some of which are kept for their meat or eggs.
アヒル

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swan 【swɑːn】


:a large bird that is usually white and has a long thin neck. Swanslive on or near water.
白鳥

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flamingo 【fləˈmɪŋɡoʊ


: a large pink bird with long thin legs and a long neck, that lives near water in warm countries

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penguin 【ˈpeŋɡwɪn】


:a black and white bird that lives in the Antarctic. Penguinscannot fly but use their wings for swimming. There are several types of penguin, some of them very large but some of them quite small.

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ostrich 【ˈɑːstrɪtʃ】


:a very large African bird with a long neck and long legs, that cannot fly but can run very fast
ダチョウ

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peacock 【ˈpiːkɑːk


:a large male bird with long blue and green tail feathers that it can spread out like a fan

      🔈

eagle 【ˈiːɡl】


:a large bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food) with a sharp curved beak and very good sight
ワシ

      🔈

hawk 【hɔːk】


:a strong fast bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food)
タカ

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owl 【aʊl】


:a bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food) with large round eyes, that hunts at night. Owls are traditionally thought to be wise.

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bat 【bæt】


:an animal like a mouse with wings, that flies and feeds at night (= it is nocturnal). There are many types of bat.

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海などの動物

guppy 【ˈɡʌpi】


:a small freshwater fish, commonly kept in aquariums
▶️発音注意(「グッピー」ではない🙅‍♀️)

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goldfish 【ˈɡoʊldfɪʃ】


:a small orange or red fish. Goldfish are kept as pets in bowls or ponds.

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eel 【iːl】


:a long thin sea or freshwater fish that looks like a snake. There are several types of eel, some of which are used for food.
ウナギ

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salmon 【ˈsæmən】


:a large fish with silver skin and pink flesh that is used for food. Salmon live in the sea but swim up rivers to lay their eggs.

      🔈

tuna 【ˈtuːnə】


:a large sea fish that is used for food
マグロ

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piranha 【pɪˈrɑːnə】


:a small S American freshwater fish that attacks and eats live animals

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shrimp 【ʃrɪmp】


:a small shellfish that can be eaten, like a prawn but smaller. Shrimps turn pink when cooked.

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crab 【kræb】


: a sea creature with a hard shell, eight legs and two pincers (= curved and pointed arms for catching and holding things). Crabs move sideways on land.
カニ

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hermit crab 【ˈhɜːrmɪt kræb】


:a crab (= a sea creature with eight legs and, usually, a hard shell) that has no shell of its own and has to use the empty shells of other sea creatures
ヤドカリ

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starfish 【ˈstɑːrfɪʃ】


: a flat sea creature in the shape of a star with five arms
ヒトデ

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jellyfish 【ˈdʒelifɪʃ】


:a sea creature with a body like jelly and long thin parts called tentacles that can give a sharp sting

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sea urchin 【ˈsiː ɜːrtʃɪn


:a small sea creature with a round shell which is covered with spikes
ウニ

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squid 【skwɪd】


:a sea creature that has a long soft body, eight arms and two tentacles (= long thin parts like arms) around its mouth, and that is sometimes used for food

      🔈

octopus 【ˈɑːktəpʊs】


:a sea creature with a soft round body and eight long arms, that is sometimes used for food

      🔈

lobster 【ˈlɑːbstər】


: a sea creature with a hard shell, a long body divided into sections, eight legs and two large claws (= curved and pointed arms for catching and holding things). Its shell is black but turns bright red when it is boiled.

      🔈


seahorse【ˈsiːhɔːrs


:a small sea fish that swims in a vertical position and has a head that looks like the head of a horse

      🔈

sea anemone【ˈsiː əneməni】


:a simple, brightly coloured sea creature that sticks onto rocks and looks like a flower
イソギンチャク

      🔈

scallop 【ˈskæləp】


:a shellfish that can be eaten, with two flat round shells that fit together
ホタテ

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oyster 【ˈɔɪstər】


:a large flat shellfish. Some types of oyster can be eaten and others produce shiny white jewels called pearls.
カキ

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clam 【klæm】


:a shellfish that can be eaten. It has a shell in two parts that can open and close.

      🔈

seashell 【ˈsiːʃel】


:the shell of a small creature that lives in the sea, often found empty when the creature has died
貝殻

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dolphin 【ˈdɑːlfɪn】


: a sea animal (a mammal ) that looks like a large fish with a pointed mouth. Dolphins are very intelligent and often friendly towards humans. There are several types of dolphin.

      🔈


killer whale【ˈkɪlər weɪl】


:a black and white whale that eats meat
シャチ

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shark 【ʃɑːrk】


: a large sea fish with very sharp teeth and a pointed fin on its back. There are several types of shark, some of which can attack people swimming.
▶️「ジョーズ」ではありません。「jaw」は顎骨のこと(「Body」名詞フラッシュカード)

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sea otter 【siː ˈɑːtər】


:a small animal that has four webbed feet (= with skin between the toes), a tail and thick brown fur. Otters live in rivers and eat fish.
ラッコ

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sea lion【ˈsiː laɪən】


: a large seal (= a sea animal with thick fur, that eats fish and lives around the coast) that lives by the Pacific Ocean
アシカ

      🔈

seal 【siːl】


: a sea animal that eats fish and lives around coasts. There are many types of seal, some of which are hunted for their fur.
アザラシ

      🔈

walrus 【ˈwɔːlrəs】


:an animal like a large seal (= a sea animal with thick fur, that eats fish and lives around coasts), that has two long outer teeth called tusks and lives in Arctic regions
セイウチ

      🔈

whale 【weɪl】


:a very large animal that lives in the sea and looks like a very large fish. There are several types of whale, some of which are hunted.

      🔈


フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、発音を聞いて、何度も声に出して覚える
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
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