英語を日本語の音に切り替えず、そのまま理解する
Answer Keys

【完全保存版】英語 名詞フラッシュカード(Vehicles)乗り物の単語 Answer Key

こちらは、「Vehicles」のAnswer Keyです。なるべく、英語のまま捉えられるように、日本語訳を抜いています。

また、フラッシュカードを使う前に、こちらの「使い方」をお読み下さい。

覚えたら、フラッシュカードに移りましょう。

Contents

Answer Key

陸上

car 【kɑːr


:a road vehicle with an engine and four wheels that can carry a small number of passengers

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police car【pəˈliːs kɑːr


:an official car used by the police
▶️「パトカー」は和製英語🙅‍♀️(和製英語フラッシュカード)

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convertible 【kənˈvɜːrtəbl


:a car with a roof that can be folded down or taken off
▶️「オープンカー」は和製英語🙅(和製英語フラッシュカード)

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electric car【ɪˈlektrɪk kɑːr】


電気自動車

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race car【ˈreɪs kɑːr】


:a car that has been specially designed for motor racing

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taxi 【ˈtæksi


:a car with a driver that you pay to take you somewhere. Taxisusually have meters which show how much money you have to pay.

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ambulance 【ˈæmbjələns


:a vehicle with special equipment, used for taking sick or injured people to a hospital

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RV 【ˌɑːr ˈviː


:recreational vehicle(a large vehicle that often has a bathroom, kitchen, and beds for use during travel and camping)

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fire truck【ˈfaɪər trʌk】


:a special vehicle that carries equipment for fighting large fires
▶️「fire engine」とも呼ばれます。
▶️消防士さんは「firefighter」(「Jobs」名詞フラッシュカード)

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limousine 【ˌlɪməˈziːn


:a large expensive comfortable car
▶️日常では、よく略して「limo」と呼ばれます

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bus 【ˈbʌs】


:a large road vehicle that carries passengers, especially one that travels along a fixed route and stops regularly to let people get on and off

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double-decker bus【ˌdʌbl ˈdekər ˈbʌs


:”Double-decker” means something that has two levels or layers.

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dump truck【ˈdʌmp trʌk】


:a vehicle for carrying earth, stones, etc. in a container which can be lifted up for the load to fall out
▶️「ダンプカー」は和製英語🙅(和製英語フラッシュカード)

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garbage truck【ˈɡɑːrbɪdʒ trʌk】


:a vehicle for collecting rubbish/garbage from outside houses, etc.

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tow truck【ˈtoʊ trʌk】


:a truck that is used for taking cars away to be repaired when they have had a breakdown

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pick-up truck【ˈpɪkʌp trʌk


:a small truck with low sides that is used for carrying goods

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delivery truck【dɪˈlɪvəri trʌk


▶️配達してくれる人は「delivery person」(「Jobs」名詞フラッシュカード)

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電車など

train 【ˈtreɪn】


:a railway/railroad engine pulling a number of coaches/cars or trucks, taking people and goods from one place to another
▶️「train」について

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bullet train 【ˈbʊlɪt treɪn】


:a Japanese train that carries passengers at high speeds
▶️「bullet」は「弾丸」の意味

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freight train【ˈfreɪt treɪn】


:a train that carries only goods
▶️「freight」は貨物の意味

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steam train【stiːm treɪn】


:a train pulled by an engine powered by steam
▶️「steam」は蒸気

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monorail 【ˈmɑːnoʊreɪl


:a type of railroad that uses a single track which is usually high off the ground

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streetcar【ˈstriːtkɑːr】


:a vehicle driven by electricity, that runs on rails along the streets of a town and carries passengers
▶️trolley【ˈtrɑːli】とも呼ばれます

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アミューズメント系

ski lift【ˈskiː lɪft】


:a machine for taking skiers up a slope so that they can then skidown
▶️「ゴンドラ」とは普通、言いません🙅

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gondola 【ˈgɑːndələ】


:a long narrow boat used on the canals of Venice
▶️「ゴンドラ」のイメージはこちらになります。
▶️「Countries」名詞フラッシュカード

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cable car【ˈkeɪbl kɑːr】


:a vehicle that hangs in the air from a cable that pulls it up and down mountains

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Ferris wheel 【ˈferɪs wiːl】


:a large wheel which stands in a vertical position at an amusement park, with seats hanging at its edge for people to ride in
▶️フェリスさんが開発したので、この名前がついています

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rickshaw 【ˈrɪkʃɔː


:a small, light vehicle with two wheels that is pulled by one person on foot or on a bicycle and that is used in some Asian countries

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carriage 【ˈkærɪdʒ


:a large vehicle with four wheels that is pulled by a horse and that carries people

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仕事系

tractor 【ˈtræktər


:a large vehicle that has two large back wheels and two smaller front wheels and that is used to pull farm equipment

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forklift 【fɔːrklɪft


:a vehicle with special equipment on the front for moving and lifting heavy objects

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snowplow 【ˈsnoʊˌplaʊ】


:a vehicle with special equipment on the front for moving and lifting heavy objects
▶️「Winter」名詞フラッシュカード

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bulldozer 【ˈbʊldoʊzər


:a powerful vehicle with a broad steel blade in front, used for moving earth or knocking down buildings

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tank 【tæŋk


:a military vehicle covered with strong metal and armed with guns. It can travel over very rough ground using wheels that move inside metal belts.

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自転車など

unicycle 【ˈjuːnɪsaɪkl


:a vehicle that is similar to a bicycle but that has only one wheel
▶️「uni-」は「単一の、唯一の」を表す接頭語。
Ex)「universe(宇宙)」「uniform(制服)」「the United States(アメリカ)」

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bike【baɪk】
bicycle 【ˈbaɪsɪkl


:a road vehicle with two wheels that you ride by pushing the pedals with your feet

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tricycle 【ˈtraɪsɪkl


:a vehicle similar to a bicycle, but with one wheel at the front and two at the back
▶️「tri-」は「3つのもの」を表す接頭語

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scooter 【ˈskuːtər


:a child’s vehicle that is made of a narrow board with two small wheels attached underneath and an upright handle attached on top and that is moved by pushing with one foot while holding onto the handle
▶️「キックボード」とは普通、言いません🙅‍♀️

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roller skates【ˈroʊlər skeɪts】


:a type of boot with two pairs of small wheels attached to the bottom

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skateboard 【ˈskeɪtbɔːrd


:a short narrow board with small wheels at each end, which you stand on and ride as a sport

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motorcycle 【ˈmoʊtərsaɪkl


:a road vehicle with two wheels, driven by an engine, with one seat for the driver and often a seat for a passenger behind the driver

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segway【ˈseɡweɪ】


:a brand name for an electric vehicle with two wheels. The rider stands on a base between the wheels and holds onto a bar at waist height.

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wheelchair 【ˈwiːltʃer


:a special chair with wheels, used by people who cannot walk because of illness, an accident, etc.
▶️「wheelchair」は空間と捉えるので、「sit in…」と「in」を使います

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海上・水上

ship 【ʃɪp


:a large boat that carries people or goods by sea

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boat 【boʊt


:a vehicle (smaller than a ship) that travels on water, moved by oars, sails or a motor

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sailboat【ˈseɪlboʊt


:a boat with sails

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ferry 【feri


:a boat that is used to carry people and things for a short distance between two places

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cruise ship【kruːz ʃɪp


:a large ship that takes many people on a cruise at one time
▶️cruise 【ˈkruːz】:a journey on a boat or ship to a number of places as a vacation

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submarine 【ˌsʌbməˈriːn


: a ship that can travel underwater
▶️「sub-」は「下」を表す接頭語。

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空上

helicopter 【ˈhelɪkɑːptər


:an aircraft without wings that has large blades on top that go round. It can fly straight up from the ground and can also stay in one position in the air
▶️日常では「chopper」と呼ばれることもあります

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airplane 【ˈerpleɪn】


:a flying vehicle with wings and one or more engines
▶️「air」がなく、「plane」だけでも使われることも多いです
▶️「take off」の句動詞
▶️動詞「fly」と「land」について

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hot–air balloon【ˌhɑːt ˈer bəluːn】


: a large balloon made of strong material that is filled with hot air or gas to make it rise in the air, usually carrying a basket for passengers

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space shuttle【ˈspeɪs ʃʌtl】


:a spacecraft designed to be used, for example, for travelling between the earth and a space station

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spaceship 【ˈspeɪsʃɪp


:a vehicle that is used for travel in outer space

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フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、発音を聞いて、何度も声に出して覚える
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
日本人が学んできた「英語」とは何だったのか?


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