英語という「教科」から、英語という「言葉」へ
Answer Keys

名詞フラッシュカード(Vehicles)Answer Key

こちらは、「Vehicles」のAnswer Keyです。なるべく、英語のまま捉えられるように、日本語訳を抜いています。

覚えたら、フラッシュカードに移りましょう。

Contents

Answer Key

陸上

car 【kɑːr


:a road vehicle with an engine and four wheels that can carry a small number of passengers

police car【pəˈliːs kɑːr


:an official car used by the police
▶️「パトカー」は和製英語🙅‍♀️(和製英語フラッシュカード)

convertible 【kənˈvɜːrtəbl


:a car with a roof that can be folded down or taken off
▶️「オープンカー」は和製英語🙅(和製英語フラッシュカード)

electric car【ɪˈlektrɪk kɑːr】

race car【ˈreɪs kɑːr】


:a car that has been specially designed for motor racing

taxi 【ˈtæksi


:a car with a driver that you pay to take you somewhere. Taxisusually have meters which show how much money you have to pay.

ambulance 【ˈæmbjələns


:a vehicle with special equipment, used for taking sick or injured people to a hospital

RV 【ˌɑːr ˈviː


:recreational vehicle(a large vehicle that often has a bathroom, kitchen, and beds for use during travel and camping)

fire truck【ˈfaɪər trʌk】


:a special vehicle that carries equipment for fighting large fires
▶️「fire engine」とも呼ばれます。
▶️消防士さんは「firefighter」(「Jobs」名詞フラッシュカード)

limousine 【ˌlɪməˈziːn


:a large expensive comfortable car
▶️日常では、よく略して”limo”と呼ばれます

bus 【ˈbʌs】


:a large road vehicle that carries passengers, especially one that travels along a fixed route and stops regularly to let people get on and off

double-decker bus【ˌdʌbl ˈdekər ˈbʌs


:”Double-decker” means something that has two levels or layers.

dump truck【ˈdʌmp trʌk】


:a vehicle for carrying earth, stones, etc. in a container which can be lifted up for the load to fall out
▶️「ダンプカー」は和製英語🙅(和製英語フラッシュカード)

garbage truck【ˈɡɑːrbɪdʒ trʌk】


:a vehicle for collecting rubbish/garbage from outside houses, etc.

tow truck【ˈtoʊ trʌk】


:a truck that is used for taking cars away to be repaired when they have had a breakdown

pick-up truck【ˈpɪkʌp trʌk


:a small truck with low sides that is used for carrying goods

delivery truck【dɪˈlɪvəri trʌk


▶️配達してくれる人は「delivery person」(「Jobs」名詞フラッシュカード)

電車など

train 【ˈtreɪn】


:a railway/railroad engine pulling a number of coaches/cars or trucks, taking people and goods from one place to another
▶️「train」について

bullet train 【ˈbʊlɪt treɪn】


:a Japanese train that carries passengers at high speeds
▶️「bullet」は「弾丸」の意味

freight train【ˈfreɪt treɪn】


:a train that carries only goods
▶️「freight」は貨物の意味

steam train【stiːm treɪn】


:a train pulled by an engine powered by steam
▶️”steam”は蒸気

monorail 【ˈmɑːnoʊreɪl


:a type of railroad that uses a single track which is usually high off the ground

streetcar【ˈstriːtkɑːr】


:a vehicle driven by electricity, that runs on rails along the streets of a town and carries passengers
▶️trolley【ˈtrɑːli】とも呼ばれます

アミューズメント系

ski lift【ˈskiː lɪft】


:a machine for taking skiers up a slope so that they can then skidown
▶️「ゴンドラ」とは普通、言いません🙅

gondola 【ˈgɑːndələ】


:a long narrow boat used on the canals of Venice
▶️「ゴンドラ」のイメージはこちらになります。
▶️「Countries」名詞フラッシュカード

cable car【ˈkeɪbl kɑːr】


:a vehicle that hangs in the air from a cable that pulls it up and down mountains

Ferris wheel 【ˈferɪs wiːl】


:a large wheel which stands in a vertical position at an amusement park, with seats hanging at its edge for people to ride in
▶️フェリスさんが開発したので、この名前がついています

rickshaw 【ˈrɪkʃɔː


:a small, light vehicle with two wheels that is pulled by one person on foot or on a bicycle and that is used in some Asian countries

carriage 【ˈkærɪdʒ


:a large vehicle with four wheels that is pulled by a horse and that carries people

仕事系

tractor 【ˈtræktər


:a large vehicle that has two large back wheels and two smaller front wheels and that is used to pull farm equipment

forklift 【fɔːrklɪft


:a vehicle with special equipment on the front for moving and lifting heavy objects

snowplow 【ˈsnoʊˌplaʊ】


:a vehicle with special equipment on the front for moving and lifting heavy objects
▶️「Winter」名詞フラッシュカード

bulldozer 【ˈbʊldoʊzər


:a powerful vehicle with a broad steel blade in front, used for moving earth or knocking down buildings

tank 【tæŋk


:a military vehicle covered with strong metal and armed with guns. It can travel over very rough ground using wheels that move inside metal belts.

自転車など

unicycle 【ˈjuːnɪsaɪkl


:a vehicle that is similar to a bicycle but that has only one wheel
▶️「uni-」は「単一の、唯一の」を表す接頭語。
Ex)「universe(宇宙)」「uniform(制服)」「the United States(アメリカ)」

bike【baɪk】
bicycle 【ˈbaɪsɪkl


:a road vehicle with two wheels that you ride by pushing the pedals with your feet

tricycle 【ˈtraɪsɪkl


:a vehicle similar to a bicycle, but with one wheel at the front and two at the back
▶️「tri-」は「3つのもの」を表す接頭語

scooter 【ˈskuːtər


:a child’s vehicle that is made of a narrow board with two small wheels attached underneath and an upright handle attached on top and that is moved by pushing with one foot while holding onto the handle
▶️「キックボード」とは普通、言いません

roller skates【ˈroʊlər skeɪts】


:a type of boot with two pairs of small wheels attached to the bottom

skateboard 【ˈskeɪtbɔːrd


:a short narrow board with small wheels at each end, which you stand on and ride as a sport

motorcycle 【ˈmoʊtərsaɪkl


:a road vehicle with two wheels, driven by an engine, with one seat for the driver and often a seat for a passenger behind the driver

segway【ˈseɡweɪ】


:a brand name for an electric vehicle with two wheels. The rider stands on a base between the wheels and holds onto a bar at waist height.

wheelchair 【ˈwiːltʃer


:a special chair with wheels, used by people who cannot walk because of illness, an accident, etc.
▶️「wheelchair」は空間と捉えるので、”sit in…”と”in”を使います

海上・水上

ship 【ʃɪp


:a large boat that carries people or goods by sea

boat 【boʊt


:a vehicle (smaller than a ship) that travels on water, moved by oars, sails or a motor

sailboat【ˈseɪlboʊt


:a boat with sails

ferry 【feri


:a boat that is used to carry people and things for a short distance between two places

cruise ship【kruːz ʃɪp


:a large ship that takes many people on a cruise at one time
▶️cruise 【ˈkruːz】:a journey on a boat or ship to a number of places as a vacation

submarine 【ˌsʌbməˈriːn


: a ship that can travel underwater
▶️”sub-“は「下」を表す接頭語

subway【ˈsʌbweɪ


:a system of underground trains in a city
▶️地下鉄の意味で、乗り物ではありませんが、合わせて覚えましょう

空上

helicopter 【ˈhelɪkɑːptər


:an aircraft without wings that has large blades on top that go round. It can fly straight up from the ground and can also stay in one position in the air
▶️日常では”chopper”と呼ばれることもあります

airplane 【ˈerpleɪn】


:a flying vehicle with wings and one or more engines
▶️「air」がなく、「plane」だけでも使われることも多いです
▶️「take off」の句動詞
▶️動詞「fly」と「land」について。

hot–air balloon【ˌhɑːt ˈer bəluːn】


: a large balloon made of strong material that is filled with hot air or gas to make it rise in the air, usually carrying a basket for passengers

space shuttle【ˈspeɪs ʃʌtl】


:a spacecraft designed to be used, for example, for travelling between the earth and a space station

spaceship 【ˈspeɪsʃɪp


:a vehicle that is used for travel in outer space

フラッシュカードに挑戦

絵を見て、英語が出てくる状態になったら、フラッシュカードに挑戦です。

  1. 絵と一緒に、何度も発音して覚える。
  2. ある程度言えるようになったら、フラッシュカードにチャレンジ。
  3. 出てくる絵に合わせて、最低でも2回繰り返して声に出して、言う。
  4. 慣れてきたら、画面を再度読み込んで、順番を変える。
  5. 1日時間を決めて、何度も何度もトライする。
  6. 実生活にそれが見えたら、何度もその英語を言う。

また、発音が分からなければ、電子辞書などで実際の音を聞いてみて下さい。ただ、発音はしっかりと勉強した方がいいので、こちらの松井博先生の書籍をお勧めします。

日本人が学んできた「英語」とは何だったのか?


完全版・増刷版】は文庫本のみです。
待望の重版出来!!全国発売スタートしました!!