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名詞

【英語】冬の名詞(Winter) Answer Key

こちらは、「Winter」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

天候

snow【snoʊ】


:small soft white pieces (called flakes ) of frozen water that fall from the sky in cold weather; this substance when it is lying on the ground

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snowflake【ˈsnoʊfleɪk】


:a small soft piece of frozen water that falls from the sky as snow
雪の一片

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icicle【ˈaɪsɪkl】


:a pointed piece of ice that is formed when water freezes as it falls down from something such as a roof
氷柱

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frost【frɔːst】


:the thin white layer of ice that forms when the temperature drops below 0°C

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blizzard【ˈblɪzərd


:a snowstorm with very strong winds
吹雪

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avalanche【ˈævəlæntʃ】


:a mass of snow, ice and rock that falls down the side of a mountain
雪崩

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遊び、雪かき

snowman【ˈsnoʊmæn】


:a figure like a man that people, especially children, make out of snow for fun

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snowball【ˈsnoʊbɔːl】


:a ball that you make out of snow to throw at somebody/something in a game

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snowball fight【ˈsnoʊbɔːl faɪt】


雪合戦

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igloo【ˈɪɡluː】


:a small round house or shelter built from blocks of hard snow by the Inuit people of northern N America
かまくら

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sleigh【sleɪ】


:a large, open vehicle that is usually pulled by a horse over snow or ice
そり(古いタイプのもの)

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sled【sled】


:a small vehicle that has a flat bottom or long, narrow strips of metal or wood on the bottom and that is used for moving over snow or ice
そり

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snow shovel【snoʊ ˈʃʌvl】


▶︎「shovel snow」で、「雪かきをする」意味です。

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snowplow【ˈsnoʊplaʊ】


:a vehicle or machine for cleaning snow from roads or railways
▶︎「plow」は、「すき」の意味です。

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ファッション、暖房器具など

glove(s)【ɡlʌv】


:a covering for the hand, made of wool, leather, etc. with separate parts for each finger and the thumb
▶︎発音注意です⚠️

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mitten(s)【ˈmɪtn】


:a type of glove that covers the four fingers together and the thumb separately

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scarf【skɑːrf】


:a piece of cloth that is worn around the neck, for example for warmth or decoration. Women also wear scarves over their shoulders or hair.
▶︎「マフラー」とは、言いません⚠️

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hoodie【ˈhʊdi】


:a jacket or a sweatshirt with a hood
▶︎「パーカー」とは、言いません⚠️

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beanie【ˈbiːni】


:a small, round close-fitting hat

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snowsuit【ˈsnəʊsuːt】


:a warm piece of clothing that covers the whole body, worn outdoors in cold weather, especially by children

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heater【ˈhiːtər】



:a machine used for making air or water warmer
▶︎「灯油ストーブ」は、「kerosene heater」で表現できます。
▶︎英語で「stove」は、「コンロ」のことになります⚠️

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kerosene【ˈkerəsiːn】


:a type of fuel oil that is made from petroleum and that is used in the engines of planes and for heat and light. In British English it is usually called paraffin when it is used for heat and light.
灯油

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fireplace【ˈfaɪərpleɪs】


:an open space for a fire in the wall of a room

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