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【英語】スイーツの名詞(Sweets) Answer Key

こちらは、「Sweets」のAnswer Keyです。

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Answer Key

dessert【dɪˈzɜːrt】


:sweet food eaten at the end of a meal
▶︎アクセントは後ろです。
▶︎「砂漠」は、「desert」です(アクセントは前)⚠️

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fruit salad【ˌfruːt ˈsæləd】


:a cold dessert (= a sweet dish) consisting of small pieces of different types of fruit

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pancake【ˈpænkeɪk】


:a thin flat round cake made from a mixture of flour, eggs and milk that is fried on both sides, usually eaten hot for breakfast in the US, and in the UK either as a dessert with sugar, jam, etc. or as a main course with meat, cheese, etc.
▶︎「ホットケーキ」とは、言いません⚠️

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birthday cake【ˈbɜːrθdeɪ keɪk】

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wedding cake【ˈwedɪŋ keɪk】


:a special cake eaten at a wedding party, usually covered with icing and with several layers

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layer cake【ˈleɪər keɪk】


:a cake with more than one layer, with jam, cream, etc. between the layers

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cheesecake【ˈtʃiːzkeɪk】


:a cold dessert (= a sweet dish) made from a soft mixture of cream cheese, sugar, eggs, etc. on a base of cake or biscuits broken into small pieces, sometimes with fruit on top

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cupcake【ˈkʌpkeɪk】


:a small cake, baked in a paper container that is like a cup in shape and often with icing on top

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Swiss roll【ˌswɪs ˈrəʊl】


:a thin flat cake that is spread with jam, etc. and rolled up

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macaron【ˌmæk.əˈrɑːn】


:a small, light cake with two round halvesmade from egg white, sugar, and almonds, with a creamy layer between them, which can have many different colours and flavours:

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waffle【ˈwɑːfl】


:a dry, flat cake with a pattern of squares on both sides, often eaten with sweet sauce, cream, etc. on top

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pie【paɪ】


:a baked dish of fruit or meat and/or vegetables with pastry on the bottom, sides and top

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eclair【ɪˈkler】


:a long thin cake for one person, made of light pastry, filled with cream and usually with chocolate on top

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parfait【pɑːrˈfeɪ】


:a frozen dessert (= a sweet dish) made with cream and eggs and with fruit, chocolate, etc. to make it taste sweet

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cream puff【ˈkriːm pʌf】


:a cake made of light pastry filled with cream
▶︎「シュークリーム」は、和製英語です⚠️

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donut【ˈdəʊnʌt】


:a small cake made of fried dough, usually in the shape of a ring, or round and filled with jam, fruit, cream, etc.

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pastry【ˈpeɪstri】


:a mixture of flour, fat and water or milk that is rolled out flat to be a base or cover for a pie, etc.
甘い菓子パン
▶︎「bread」は不可算名詞ですが、「pastry」は可算名詞です。

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mousse【muːs】


:a cold dessert (= a sweet dish) made with cream and egg whites and with fruit, chocolate, etc. to give it a sweet taste; a similar dish made with fish, vegetables, etc.

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Popsicle 【ˈpɑːpsɪkəl】


:a piece of ice that tastes of fruit, served on a stick
▶︎「アイスキャンディ」は、和製英語です⚠️

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sorbet【ˈsɔːrbət】


:a sweet frozen food made from sugar, water and fruit juice, often eaten as a dessert

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soft-serve ice cream【sɔːft sɜːrv ˈaɪs kriːm】


▶︎「ソフトクリーム」とは、言いません⚠️

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